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Top 100 Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

Top 100 Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

Here are the top 100 robotics projects that students should try at least once in their lifetime

With the help of robotics, human efforts to perform complex tasks have become easier and more precise. Robotics is extremely fun to stream and equally interesting to learn. An aspiring robotics professional must be highly passionate to learn and be actively involved in various problem-solving environments with robust skills in presentation, research, communication, and detailed knowledge of programming languages, as well as physical engineering.

Robotics is a multidisciplinary technology that combines mechanical, electrical, computer science, and many other fields together. Improving programming and innovation is helping robots to discover their way into various fields, which are excessively risky, dull, or unimaginable for humans to accomplish. Robotics has advanced drastically in the 20th and 21st centuries. Because of this, job opportunities in this field had also increased rapidly.

At present, there are few varieties of robots available like serial type, parallel type, walking type and mobile type robots. The parts of the robotics mainly comprise a power supply, controllers, grippers, manipulators and end effectors. When we think about a robot, the primary factor that strikes our mind is that imitates somebody. However, in real terms, there’s no actual definition of a robot. But there are some basic characteristics that a robot ought to have like intelligence, sensing, energy, and movement, etc. Some robots do work by themselves to perform particular tasks. But, alternative robots need help from human beings. As a result, these robots are dependent.

Robotics has come up hugely. It’s not just something to meddle with now. A dedicated stream of engineering has come up in several engineering colleges. College events, Robotic festivals, and competitions see a very large interest from robot enthusiasts. Analytics Insight presents the list of top 100 robotics project ideas for engineering students to try in 2022. How many have you tried?

Top 100 Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

1. 3D Printed Robot

It so happens that 3D printing is a wonderful application for the discipline of robotics. It provides designers with the freedom to add new functionality to their creations. That, and end-users can customize a robot for their specific needs. With robotics and 3D printing combined, people are pushing the boundaries of possibility every day. Therefore, 3D Printed robot would be the best project to make in your final year to make an everlasting impact.

2. Stair Climber Robot

Robots have widely been used for a wide number of tasks. But a very promising use of robotics lies in goods transport. Most robots use either a wheeled or a tracked mechanism for mobility. While wheeled mechanisms offer impressive speed and a significant advantage in steering, this often proves to be difficult to use in off-road conditions and for climbing over obstacles.

3. Robotic Arm Controlled by Touch Screen Display

The project proposes a touch screen operated robotic vehicle that is operated remotely. The touch screen remote is used as the transmitter to send RF control signals. The robotic vehicle consists of receivers used to capture those signals and perform required tasks. The project uses an 8051 microcontroller for this purpose. The touch screen device is used as the transmitter to send movement commands to the robotic vehicle. The receiver on the vehicle receives those commands and operates the vehicle using an 8051 microcontroller.

4. Line Follower Robot

A line follower is a simple robot that follows a thick line drawn on the floor using infrared (IR) or other optical sensors. This line follower robot uses two motors with wheels on the rear and a castor wheel as support on the front. Line follower robot is one of the best robotic projects to try especially, for the final year engineering students who want to make an everlasting impression.

5. Solar Floor Cleaner Robot

A solar-based floor cleaner robot helps to clean outdoor spaces, terraces, open restaurants, large campuses, etc. You can prepare a robot to help cleaners clean large open spaces without any physical effort and without the need to charge the robot. Students can use the RF remote to control the robot and send movement commands. Solar floor cleaner robot is a must-try robotic project for engineering students.

6. Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle

The system works in conjunction with an 8051 series microcontroller to achieve this operation. The pushbuttons are used to send commands to move the vehicle forward, backward, left, and right. Two motors at the receiving end operate the vehicle as per the commands received. As soon as a command is sent it gets transmitted through the RF transmitter. At the receiving end, an rf receiver reads the command and passes it to an 8051 microcontroller for processing. The microcontroller then operates the motors to move the vehicle through a motor driver IC. The metal detection system attached to the system detects any metal underneath it. On detection, it automatically sends on a small buzzing alarm to notify the user about it. Thus the metal detection system coupled with a robotic vehicle allows for operating the robotic vehicle on a 200-meter radius remotely through RF technology.

7. Pick and Place Robotic Vehicle

A pick and place robot is the one that is used to pick up an object and place it in the desired location. It can be a cylindrical robot providing movement in horizontal, vertical, and rotational axes, a spherical robot providing two rotational and one linear movement, an articulated robot, or a scary robot (fixed robots with 3 vertical axes rotary arms). The basic function of a pick and place robot is done by its joints. Joints are analogous to human joints and are used to join the two consecutive rigid bodies in the robot. They can be rotary joints or linear joints. To add a joint to any link of a robot, we need to know about the degrees of freedom and degrees of movement for that body part. Degrees of freedom implement the linear and rotational movement of the body and Degrees of movement imply the number of axes the body can move.

8. Mobile Autonomous Robot

The proposed system is capable of detecting obstacles at various ranges. This was inspired by a visual looming algorithm and was achieved by defining the minimum number of pixels within the code while measuring the distance between the camera and the obstacle. The proposed system was implemented on a Raspberry Pi using a USB webcam to capture images. The proposed system will incorporate a USB camera which will be connected to a Raspberry Pi. Raspberry Pi will be running a python script that will grab images in the video while looking for a geometrical shape i.e. circles. If the circle is detected then based on the location of the circle on the screen, the script will pull up or down the GPIO port pins that will be used to control the direction of the robot.

9. Chess Playing Robot

This project integrates aspects of robotics, computer vision, and of course chess. And don’t worry! It’s very easy to set up, the code is written in Python and every step of the project is explained in this tutorial series, so it’s perfect for those who don’t have much experience in the field. It uses a camera and a visual recognition system running on a Raspberry Pi to detect the movements of chess pieces in the game. It uses Stockfish as a chess engine to validate the human player’s moves and decide which move the robot will make, then it uses all this information to transcribe the game in a graphical user interface that shows the game state and allows you to configure all the aspects of it, for example, at the start of the game it allows you to calibrate the camera and choose which color you would like to play with. It does not require any special chess board or pieces; in fact, the GUI allows you to enter the dimensions of your board so you can play without making any changes to the code or having to make a custom board.

10. Cleaning Robot

This allows for automatic cleaning of a particular area or room by covering the area using border analysis. The robotic system follows a zigzag path to cover the entire room. The system uses ultrasonic sensors for boundary sensing and operates accordingly in order to cover the entire room. The system also has a vacuum suction cleaner attached to its back for dust suction. It also displays the time utilized for a complete cleaning session and displays it on an LCD display post the cleaning process. The system uses a microcontroller-based circuit system in order to monitor ultrasonic sensors as well as operate LCD displays and control robot movement at the same time. The system detects one corner of the room and starts from there, it then activates the vacuum cleaner motor in order to start the suction system.

11. Obstacle Avoiding Robot

An obstacle-avoiding robot is a fully autonomous robot that is able to avoid any obstacle which it faces when it moves. Simply, when it meets an obstacle while it is moving forward, automatically stops moving forward and makes a step back. Then it looks its two sides left & right and starts to move the best possible way; which means either in the left direction if there is another obstacle in the right or in the right direction if there is another obstacle in the left side. The obstacle avoiding robots is very helpful and it is the base of many large projects such as Automatic cars, robots used in Manufacturing factories, even in robots used in spacecraft.

12. GreenHouse Managing Robot

This is one of the important projects amongst various agriculture projects for engineering students. This project consists of temperature, humidity monitoring & controlling, and light monitoring. This unit is installed on a Robot that moves through the greenhouse on a predefined track. This High technology farming project will consist of three basic modules. First is “Parameters Monitoring” second is “Parameters Controlling” and third is the automatic movement of Robot on a predefined path. A display unit will show the values of parameters like Temperature and Light. This will help the person to know the values, for this purpose we are going to use various sensors, which will be connected to ADC.

13. Automatic Wall Painting Robot

In this project, the screw rod arrangement has the main role in the working of the model. A table is mounted on the frame such that it can be moved front and back with the help of a bearing set up at the four corners of the table.A dc motor is mounted on one end of the upper frame and the shaft of the motor is coupled with the screw rod. When the motor is operated the table moves in the x-direction and the same setup is made separately for z-direction also. Here the die is kept for the purpose of holding the workpiece. A u-slot sensor is kept at the end of the frame so that the rotation can be calculated. By this, the distance of the movement of the table can be determined. Proximity sensors are kept at both ends of the table setup. Totally four proximity sensors are used in the model to make it an automatic machine. The total setup is constructed on a single frame.

14. Intelligent Combat Robot

The combat robot can be designed to tackle cruel terror attacks. This robot is radio-operated, self-powered, and has all the controls like a normal car. A wireless camera has been installed on it so that it can monitor enemies remotely when required. It can silently enter into enemy areas and send us all the information through its tiny Camera eyes. This spy robot can be used in star hotels, shopping malls, jewelry showrooms, etc where there can be threats from intruders or terrorists. Since human life is always precious, these robots are the replacement of fighters against terrorists in war areas.

15. Autonomous Underwater Robot

Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) are robotic submarines that are a part of the emerging field of autonomous and unmanned vehicles. This project shows the design implementation of an AUV as a testbed platform for a variety of research in underwater technologies especially involving small-scale, surface water, and low-cost underwater robots. The AUV prototype has been developed by SolidWorks. It will have a fixed mechanical system and body, having a modular electronic system that allows the development of various controllers. The controller and motors have been tested in small-scale surface water and the result is encouraging.

16. Robotic Arm

The programmable robotic arm finds extensive applications in its use in extreme conditions like space missions or underwater expeditions. It is also used in nuclear power plants and in toxic atmospheres where human surveillance is difficult. There are numerous types of robotic arms used in industries but going to give you details on a basic prototype. The movement of parts is done by servo motor, which can rotate approximately up to 190 degrees. The whole circuit is powered by a 12-volt adapter and an Arduino Nano is used as the controlling unit. The servo motor for the robotic arm is controlled by android mobile. The communication between mobile phone and servo robot arm is done by Bluetooth module HC-05.

17. Biped Walking Robot

The robot replicates the walking style of a human, particularly walking upright. The robot is built with lightweight Aluminium sheets which act as the structural members and also house the servos. Controllers using EyeBot produce intelligent commands to the servos for walking and kicking. The robot is controlled in an open-loop utilizing the lateral balancing feature for maintaining walking and kicking. This work enables one to realize an insight into the design and development of a mechatronic system using the concept of synergetic unison of electronics, mechanical, and computation engineering fields.

18. Sensor Guided Robotics

The aim of the project is to design a robot system for joining ship sections in the final stage when ship sections are to be assembled together in a dry dock. Due to a high degree of manual work involved in the assembly procedure of the ship, the project addresses both productivity and quality issues. In addition, many welding operations are done in closed areas and the improvement of working conditions is of great importance as well. An important part of the project is to develop control algorithms for seam tracking during welding. The aim is to be able to cope with tolerances in the joints after manual set-up and tack welding of the structure.

19. Hexapod

Hexapod is a biomimetic, six-legged robot, which emulates insect locomotion. The robot is a fully mobile Hexapod capable of multi-directional walking and self-balancing. The hexapod robot is a mechanical vehicle that walks on six legs. Since a robot can be statically stable on three or more legs, the hexapod robot has a great deal of flexibility in how it can move. The robot has six legs, each consisting of three servo motors, for a total of eighteen. Mounting the other components onto this frame is not a trivial task. Most works went into mounting these components to allow for (a) robustness, (b) ease of replacement, and (c) neat design.

20. Swarm Robotics

Swarm robotics is the implementation of Swarm intelligence. Swarm Intelligence (SI) is an artificial intelligence technique based around the study of collective behaviour in decentralized, self-organized systems. Swarm robotics is a new approach to the coordination of multi-robot systems which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots. It is supposed that a desired collective behaviour emerges from the interactions between the robots and interactions of robots with the environment. This approach emerged in the field of artificial swarm intelligence, as well as the biological studies of insects, ants, and other fields in nature, where swarm behaviour occurs. The main objective of Swarm robotics is to reduce the workload and increase the efficiency of the system.

21. Mobile Robotics

Mobile robots have the capability to move around in their environment and are not fixed to one physical location. Mobile robots can be “autonomous” (AMR – autonomous mobile robot) which means they are capable of navigating an uncontrolled environment without the need for physical or electro-mechanical guidance devices. Alternatively, mobile robots can rely on guidance devices that allow them to travel a predefined navigation route in relatively controlled space. By contrast, industrial robots are usually more-or-less stationary, consisting of a jointed arm (multi-linked manipulator) and gripper assembly (or end effector), attached to a fixed surface. The joint-arms are controlled by a linear actuator or servo motor or stepper motor.

22. Sixth Sense Robot

The Sixth Sense robot works as follows: 1. It captures the image of the object in view and tracks the user’s hand gestures. 2. There are colour markers placed at the tip of the user’s finger. Marking the user’s fingers with red, yellow, green, and blue coloured tape helps the webcam to recognize the hand gestures. It is one of the best robotics projects for final year engineering students those who want to try something different from usual.

23. Surveillance Robot

Surveillance literally means to watch from above, while surveillance robots are used to monitor the behaviour, activities and other changing information that are gathered for the general purpose of managing, directing, or protecting one’s assets or position. The Raspberry Pi when configured and all the required software has been installed then the Pi is ready to be used for surveillance then write a python script in order to capture a still image, or for live streaming or for motion capture from your phone and also to move the robot according to the commands received from the Android app. After finishing all the configured steps the surveillance system is ready and you can control your robot from any remote place and monitor through the Pi camera.

24. Gesture Based Robotics

Gesture-Based Robotics (also known as Accelerometer Controlled Robotics) deals with robots that involve human-machine interaction – where a robot is controlled through hand movements sensed by an accelerometer. This is an ARM controller-based project which controls the robot based on the accelerometer gesture recognition technique. For establishing the communication between the controller and robot, a Zigbee module is interfaced with the circuit. It is one of the best robotics projects for final year engineering students those who want to try something different from usual.

25. Voice Controlled Robot

A voice control robot is just a practical example of controlling the motions of a simple robot by giving daily used voice commands. In this system, an android app is used as a medium for the transmission of human commands to the microcontroller. The main purpose of this project is to operate the robot based on voice commands given by the user. The Speech recognition module, RF transmitter and receiver, and microcontroller unit are the primary components in this design.

26. WiFi Controlled Robot

This Arduino-based Robot can be controlled wirelessly using any Wi-Fi-enabled Android smartphone. For a demonstration of the Wi-Fi Controlled Robot, we have used an Android Mobile App named “Blynk”. Blynk is a very compatible app with Arduino, to make IoT-based projects. This is an outstanding robotic project to try in 2022. There are many sources available on the internet today from where you can learn to make your own WiFi Controlled Robot.

Top 100 Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

27. Maze Solver Robot

The maze-solving robot — also known as a micro mouse — is designed to find a path without any assistance or help. As a type of autonomous robot, it has to decode the path on its own to solve the maze successfully. So, its logic is quite different from the line following robot which follows a predetermined route. It is one of the best robotics projects for final year engineering students those who want to try something different from usual.

28. Bluetooth Robotics

Bluetooth Controlled Robotics involves the operation of Robots in accordance with the signals sent from a smartphone using an Android Application and Bluetooth Communication. In the Bluetooth Based Robotics Workshop, serial programming of the Microcontrollers is an integral part. The android-based robot has a Bluetooth receiver unit that receives the commands and gives it to the microcontroller circuit to control the motors. The microcontroller then transmits the signal to the motor driver IC’s to operate the motors.

29. Raspberry Pi Robot

A Raspberry Pi board is a small computer (credit card size) that can easily connect to the Internet and interface with a lot of hardware components. If you want to use Raspberry Pi for your robot, you will need to know some basic programming, and how to connect to hardware devices. But don’t worry, as many tools are available to make your life easier with that, and you can still count on the great community online.

30. Fire Fighting Robot

Fire-fighting is an important job but it is a very dangerous occupation. Due to that, Robots are designed to find a fire, before it rages out of control. It could be used to work with firefighters to reduce the risk of injury to victims. This project aims to develop a multi-flame sensor-based firefighting robot. If the fire takes place, the robot moves towards the fired area and starts sprinkling the water from the water pump attached to it.

31. Metal Segregation from the Waste

A Metal Segregation from the Waste Robot is useful to sense the metals from the waste. This will be necessary requirement in case land mines are detected. So this project meets the requirement with a simple microcontroller-based robot. This is an outstanding robotic project to try in 2022. There are many sources available on the internet today from where you can learn to make your own Metal Segregation from the Waste Robot.

32. SnakeBot

A SnakeBot, also known as a snake robot, is a biomorphic hyper-redundant robot that resembles a biological snake. This redundancy makes them resistant to failure because they can continue to operate even if parts of their body are destroyed. There are multiple sources available on the internet today from where you can learn to make your own SnakeBot. It is one of the best robotics projects for final year engineering students those who want to try something different from usual.

33. Steam Power Generation

Power derived from water heated into steam, usually converted to motive power by a reciprocating engine or turbine. The pistons are driven by steam power. A steam power generation robot is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid. The steam power generation robot uses the force produced by steam pressure to push a piston back and forth inside a cylinder. This pushing force can be transformed, by a connecting rod and flywheel, into rotational force for work.

34. Smart Umbrella with Solar Cell

Smart Umbrella with Solar Cell typically pulls power through a small solar panel mounted to the top of the unit so it’s constantly exposed to the sun. The unit captures sunlight and turns it into electricity through what is called a “photovoltaic effect.” That power is then stored and accessed by flipping a switch on the umbrella pole that powers the built-in LED lighting. It is one of the best robotics projects for final year engineering students those who want to try something different from usual.

35. Wall Climbing Robot

A wall-climbing robot is a robot with the capability of climbing vertical surfaces. This paper describes the design and fabrication of a quadruped climbing robot. One needs to design and create a wall-climbing robot that uses suction as a means of sticking to the wall. The robot will be controlled using Basic Stamp and the movement of its legs will be generated by two servo motors.

36. Smart Irrigation System

Smart irrigation systems are a combination of advanced technology of sprinklers with nozzles that improve coverage and irrigation controllers that are watering and water conservation systems that monitor moisture-related conditions on your property and automatically adjust watering to optimal levels. This is an outstanding robotic project to try in 2022. There are many sources available on the internet today from where you can learn to make your own smart irrigation systems.

37. Pipe Adaptive Robot

A robot, which is composed of adaptive mobile mechanism, is developed for the purpose of performing the internal inspection tasks of pipelines. Adaptability and efficiency are the basic considerations for this robot. Based on these concepts, a prototype is designed and fabricated. It is one of the best robotics projects for final year engineering students those who want to try something different from usual.

38. Water Filling Conveyor

Water filling conveyor is one of the popular robotics projects where the bottle filling project is an interdisciplinary engineering design experience. It includes concepts like machining and fabrication, mechanical design, project planning, and many more. Embedded systems will consist of three sensors where the first one will detect an empty bottle for the motor to turn on the conveyor for the bottle to move forward, the second sensor will detect the bottle and the pump will remain on for 15 seconds to fill the bottle. The third sensor will detect the filled bottle and pass it to the user.

39. Real-Time Transmission Line Monitoring Bot

Building a real-time transmission line monitoring bot as a robotics project is very useful to protect human workers from climbing poles. The monitoring bot helps to make inspection easier, efficient, and safe. It can traverse transmission lines and cross obstacles with an android mobile phone application. The application works as an interface between the operator as well as the transmission line monitoring bot. It consists of a dual robotic arm, robot mobile base, and pulley mechanism.

40. Metal and Plastic Segregation Mechanical Setup Robot

Metal and plastic segregation mechanical setup robot is a one-step towards sustainable development and a green environment. A mechanical setup robot can be developed as a robotics project to automatically segregate metal and plastic from waste. Engineering students can use LASER and LDR with a weight sensor and counter to look for the sorted materials. It will consist of a robotic arm to pick up the waste and put it on a conveyor belt, database, and a mobile app to control and track efficiently.

41. Gesture Controlled Robotic Car

Engineering students can create a gesture-controlled robotic car with Arduino Nano, motor driver, and many more to control a robot with their hands. The robotics project is based on wireless communication where the real-time data from hand gestures can be transmitted to the robot through a transmitter and receiver section.

42. Android Controlled Robotic Car

Android-controlled robotic car is one of the interesting robotics projects for engineering students. It is also known as a Bluetooth-controlled robot with a smart android app to control the robotic car. There are different modules to be used in the project for controlling the robotic car efficiently without any trouble.

43. Off-Road Adventure Robot

Off-road adventure robot is one of the interesting robotics projects for engineering students to start their professional career in robotics. Engineer students can use a 300 PRM motor on wheels to travel through the roughest terrains efficiently without any trouble. The motor moves in a rotational direction to get out of sticky situations with a simple mechanism. It is very easy to operate and repair and replace batteries, microcontrollers, as well as circuits. There is an action camera to record the rough track and look at the adventurous road. This off-road adventure robot consists of high-torque motors, a heavy-duty chassis, high-profile wheels, an in-built camera.

44. Android Controlled Robotic Arm

Android-controlled robotic arm project enables engineering students to control a robotic arm with an android device. The device is used for sending Bluetooth commands to the Bluetooth receiver in the receiver circuit. Then the microcontroller controls the motor to move the robotic arm according to commands like grip open, up, down, grip close, etc. Users can create these robotics projects to pick any object, move, place, and drop as per the commands through an android device.

45. Obstacle Avoidance Robot

Obstacle avoidance robot is one of the top robotics projects for engineering students to develop an autonomous intelligent robot with infrared sensors. These infrared sensors help to sense and detect any obstacle in the path of this robot. This makes some changes in the direction of the robot while avoiding the obstacle in front of it.

46. War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera

War field spying robot with night vision wireless camera is a popular robotics project that needs the implementation of a remote-controlled spy robot that will helpful in war situations. The night vision wireless camera is attached to the robot to provide real-time information in total darkness with the help of infrared lighting. It is useful for spying in dangerous areas in the events of wars without putting any human soldier at potential risks.

47. PC Controlled Human Detection Robot

A PC-controlled human detection robot helps to detect any human through a robotic vehicle. It uses infrared sensors as well as microcontroller units at the times of earthquakes or any other natural disaster to detect human bodies under debris.

48. GSM Mobile Phone Controlled Intelligent Robot

GSM mobile phone-controlled intelligent robot is a well-known robotics project for engineering students to control the movements or motion of robots with modern GSM technology. Developers or users can send SMS to the remote robot control unit to control movements efficiently and complete the necessary work.

49. MEMS Sensors Controlled Haptic Forefinger Robotic Aid

MEMS sensors controlled haptic forefinger robotic aid deals with the full control of forefinger direction-based pathway robot for helping disabled/physically challenged/handicapped people efficiently. Engineering students use MEMS sensor, a microcontroller, an RF module to achieve the success of this robotics project.

50. Hector SLAM Mapping and Indoor Positioning Robot

One of the robotics projects known as Hector SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) mapping and indoor positioning robot helps robots to facilitate real-time accurate mapping of rooms indoors. Engineering students can develop this project by devising a low-cost system for creating accurate maps of indoors. This helps the robots to move freely without any collisions or barriers on the indoor floors.

51. Artificial Intelligence-Based Chatbot for Appliance Control

Artificial intelligence-based chatbot for appliance control is a robotics project that helps senior citizens or handicapped people in their household chores. Chatbots can help to control the electrical appliances at home efficiently without any extra trouble. The features of this robotics project include easy maintenance, leveraging the power of artificial intelligence, and reducing the workload of old people.

52. Colour Sensing Robot with MATLAB

Colour sensing robot with MATLAB is a very helpful robotics project for engineering students. MATLAB plays a very important role in the image processing of a robot with high sensor cameras. The images taken by these cameras are processed for colours and the position of a red object is extracted out of that image. The colour sensing robot with MATLAB helps to send different real-time data through a COM port for multiple industrial applications. There is a corresponding movement with the position of the red coloured object.

53. RF Controlled Robot

RF-controlled robot is known for controlling a robot with four push buttons located at the transmitter side. One needs to just push the buttons to control the robot for completing any specific task. The transmitting device consists of an RF transmitter as well as an RF encoder. This part helps to provide commands to the robot to follow necessary instructions such as moving reverse, turning left, moving forward, turning right, and finally stopping.

54. Sun-Tracking Solar Panel without Controller

Solar energy is one of the most commonly used renewable energy in areas that experience a lot of sunlight annually. Through the solar tracking system, the users will be able to produce an immense amount of energy, which facilitates working with a solar panel much more efficiently. The system will have a single axis of freedom since a commercially single tracker is cheaper to use. This system can be considered as an eco-friendly alternative and is a valuable asset.

55. Concept Design of an Ultra-light Industrial Robot

The aim of this project is to develop a conceptual design of a lightweight robot with the help of lightweight materials like aluminum and carbon fiber, along with a newly developed servo actuator prototype.

Since, the uses of industrial robots are increasing in areas such as food, consumer goods, wood, plastics, and mostly in the automotive industry. A complex situation pertaining to using robotics in these sectors is that smaller and medium-sized companies that produce fewer batches of products, do not get productive enough by deploying a permanent industrial robot. The advent of such lightweight robots will solve this issue by being more adaptable to the products’ needs.

56. Metal Detecting Robot Using Microcontroller

This robot is designed to detect metals where human beings cannot reach easily. The robot can detect metals coming its way with the help of sensors. While detecting metals, it produces a sound at the control room or at the receiver side. It uses the radio frequency transmitter and receiver that are interfaced with the microcontroller to send and receive data. The robot can be applied for metal detection in mines, in remote areas, security systems, and more.

57. New Interface for Rapid Feedback Control on ABB Robots

The manufacturing industry is automating its operations with the help of industrial robots. But industrial robots require static calibration due to their lack of senses, including force and vision sensing. So, by integrating advanced and more dynamic sensors in real-time robotic controllers, the dynamic process will need exponentially fewer calibrations, facilitating a reduced lead time. The new system for rapid feedback control is a complex system that can be implemented in existing robotics cells to enable real-time sensor feedback to robotic controls.

58. Cockroach Inspired Robots with Artificial Muscles

This robot was developed for the purpose of research in legged locomotion. Legged robotics have complex mechanisms as their developments can be highly aided by insights into the mechanisms by which animals usually locomote, both physical and by control. The robot is controlled by a hierarchal control system and with the help of an inter-leg coordination mechanism, which is a variant of the distributed network of the stick insect interleague coordination. The robot possesses the capability of performing the air-walking motions while suspended from the gantry, along with walking on the treadmill while weight is partially supported.

59. Automatic Pesticide Sprayer for Agricultural Purposes

The aim of this project is to provide a guidance system to build a robotic platform that is designed independently to drive through the crops in a field. The system is designed to boost agricultural production by spraying pesticides that are crucial for the growth of crops. The system is capable of detecting crops on both sides by using an ultra-sonic sensor.

Currently, the industry uses systems that need to be operated manually by humans, but his robot is created to enhance human efforts and also provide comfort to the users by performing the hard work.

60. Autonomous Quadcopter Docking System

The primary goal of this project is to design the systems and algorithms which are necessary for the quadcopters to automate locate and land on a targeted station. The purpose is to outline the framework for a quadcopter-based data collection or a surveillance system that can carry on with the low battery life of these highly mobile devices, by consistently landing the AVV safely in the designated location to be recharged.

61. Real-Time Transmission Line Monitoring Bot

In the domain of electrical engineering, a transmission line plays a crucial role. Several faults might occur while transmitting electricity through these transmission lines, including damage to insulators, conductor corrosion, vibration damage, leakage of current, and so on. Several of these lines are sometimes located in rugged and remote environments. So, to ensure that there are no damages caused to these transmission lines, this robotic system can be deployed that can run inspections on small mountain ranges, and even in plains to monitor and minimize chances of power line disaster.

62. Metal and Plastic Segregation Mechanical Setup

Due to the exponential increase in population and the rapid development of urban cities, waste management has become quite challenging. Governments face considerable challenges in waste management and disposal activities due to the lack of effective waste removal and segregation systems. Therefore, the implementation of advanced technologies like IoT and

RF-ID will be quite helpful. Advanced, automated waste segregation systems in the scrap industry will be effective in sorting out the trash between metallic, plastic, and glass waste and preparing them for the next operation.

63. FPGA-Based Robotics Arms

Robotics arms have a wide variety of applications in real-world industrial use. Currently, it is the core of all manufacturing processes. The aim of this robot is to control the movement of a material handling robotic arm using the FPGA controller. The advantage of using an FPGA over other controllers is that it can provide multiple functions that factories need to reduce the cost of construction. FPGA is a fast and accurate system, with parallel data processing and stability in performance.

64. Physiotherapy Robot

In a physiotherapy rehabilitation process, a physiotherapist needs to give regular massages to the patients who suffer from various health complications. Heatstroke is one of the main reasons that cause paralysis, which requires intensive physiotherapy. A decrease in skilled caretakers has accelerated the problems of accessing good physiotherapy. So, robotics technology can be deployed to address this concern. The aim of this project is to review robotics devices for upper limb rehabilitation and facilitate the creation of new and more improved devices for physiotherapy services.

65. Amphibious Robot

Experts believe that self-navigating robots are the future of robotics. The aim of this project is to create a self-navigating robot with integrated GPS technology. In this system, the robot can optimize a path from the source to the designated destination, while avoiding all the obstacles at the same time. It uses a rotating ultrasonic sensor for obstacle sensing, therefore, minimizing power consumption to a great extent.

66. Line Follower Robot without Controller

Generally, a line following robot has integrated controllers in it. But this project focuses on creating a line following robot with microcontrollers. It will be a behavior-stimulated robot that uses interfaces for sensors to make the behaviour of the robot as versatile as possible. Two light detectors will be mounted at the front of the robot, along with a designated path. The robot is made to follow black tape on a white floor or white tape on a back floor.

67. Milk Feeding Robot

Cows in herds that are facilitated with conventional milking parlors follow a structured, consistent, and social milking pattern. The global trends in developing technological equipment for feeding cattle include the automation and robotization of various processes. The integration of robotics or an automated milking system offers the possibility of feeding the cows to their estimated individual nutrient needs by combining different feeds in real-time, with a focus on maximizing profits through milk yields.

68. Smart Phone-Controlled Robotic Car

The advancement of technology has enabled smartphones to control a host of electrical and electronic devices, including motor cars, music systems, and lights. This project aims to present an Arduino-based robotic car that can be operated using an Android smartphone having Arduino RC installed in it. This bot will receive commands from the smartphone with the help of a Bluetooth module. The car can be used for surveillance at home and can be used to pick and place fallen objects.

69. Metal Detector Robot

The primary objective of this project is to detect the metal near to the sensor. Whenever the sensor comes close to the metal, it makes a buzzing sound from its speaker. And whenever the sensor is removed from the metal, the buzzer switches itself off. The robot’s magnetic flux can pass through some of the opaque objects like clothes, plastics, and others, and can detect metals that can be hidden in certain objects.

70. Solar Panel Cleaning System

This Solar Panel Cleaning Robot aims to maintain the efficiency of solar power production by making sure the Solar panels are kept clean without putting humans at risk.

This robot comes equipped with a roller brush and a water sprayer to clean all dirt and grime from the surface of the panels. The sprayer gets its supply of water through an onboard tank. The rubber caterpillar tracks ensure that this robot can adhere to the slick surface of solar panels. This robot operates remotely and wirelessly.

71. Ball Tracking Robot

The major drawback in today’s surveillance rests on the involvement of human operators which can easily be distracted, so we need a system that can autonomously monitor regions continuously, making decisions while identifying unwanted or obnoxious things and responding accordingly. Object tracking using computer vision is crucial in achieving automated surveillance.The objective was to make a basic prototype for such a bot that can sense color and shape and follow it. This robot tries to find a color that is hardcoded, if it finds a ball of that color it follows it.

72. Color Following Robot

These robots are built around the Pixy computer vision sensor. This vision sensor is a low-cost sensor for under 80 dollars. The sensor tracks color hues at a whopping 50 frames per second. If you’re interested, you can find more information about Pixy on their wiki page. This project sprang up from the idea that Arch Reactor members often go to events to get the community involved in making and repairing. Robots would be a nice way to draw individuals to the table and get them interested in robotics, this would be an interactive display. People are able to play with the robots by moving around the balls so the robots can follow them.

73. Solar Panel Cleaning System Using Arduino

Solar power is mainly harnessed from photovoltaic (PV) panels which are arranged in multiple arrays in a solar farm or solar system. However, the efficiency of energy generated from PV panels is affected by the accumulation of dust and debris, even on one panel in an array. This condition leads to the need for regular cleaning of the surface of PV panels. Current labour-based cleaning methods for photovoltaic arrays are costly in time, water, and energy usage as well as lacking in automation capabilities. To overcome this problem, a fully automatic solar panel cleaning system with/without water is proposed. The design utilizes an Arduino controller system to control the robot’s movement during the cleaning process. In addition, it is equipped with two rough sponges and a water pump system that can be used to clean dust or debris found on PV panel surfaces. The efficiency of the PV panels before and after the cleaning process is also observed. The result shows that the developed solar panel cleaning robot is able to clean the panel effectively and increase back the output current as well as the maximum power of the panel by 50%, after the dust on the PV panel is cleaned.

74. Human Detector Robot

Human detection robot is not a new technology. Many types of human detection robots were designed depending on the application. During natural calamities like earthquakes, it is difficult to rescue the human beings under the buildings. Though detection by the rescue team is done, it consumes a lot of time. Detection of humans at an appropriate time is very important in such situations. This article presents a simple human detection robot that is operated manually using RF technology.

The main principle of the circuit is to detect the human using a human detection sensor. The wireless robot is operated manually using a PC. The wireless technology used here is Radio Frequency technology. The data is transmitted to the receiver through RF. Using the received data, the robot is operated and controlled.

75. Gesture Controlled Robot

A Gesture Controlled robot is a robot that can be controlled by hand gestures. You just need to have a small transmitting device in your hand, which included an acceleration meter to transmit an appropriate command to the robot so that it can do whatever we want. The transmitting device included an ADC for analog to digital conversion and an encoder IC(HT12E) which is used to encode the four-bit data and then will transmit by an RF Transmitter module. At the receiving end, an RF Receiver receives the encoded data, and decoder IC decodes it. A microcontroller processes this data, and the motor driver is used to control the motors.

76. Leaping Robot Frog

Jumping robots can overcome obstacles higher than their own height, while robots with wheels or caterpillars cannot. In this paper, a 22.5g frog-inspired small jumping robot is presented. It can jump more than 2.5 m, i.e., 58 times its own height. The four-bar linkage structure is employed to imitate the musculoskeletal structure and behavior of the frog’s hind leg, and twisting actuation is applied to store large elastic energy on the elastomer using the motor of small power.

77. Waste Management Robot

Smart robots can think for themselves while sending and sorting garbage.

All you have to do is to put the trash into the container. The container then takes advantage of its detectors to compare or study the garbage recovered from the previous waste records and then decides on what has to be done with trash.

Primarily based on the decision, the container itself sends the waste to a proper disposal system, whether it’s a drop zone or a recycling plant. With more intelligent solutions to dump the trash, we can certainly expect a substantial reduction in the waste generated throughout the world. This may significantly help in maintaining our ecosystem for a sustainable and better future.

78. Soccer Robot

A soccer robot is one kind of mobile or autonomous robot, used to play soccer with variants. Every year there are many tournaments are organized like FIRA, Robocup. At present, the RoboCup contest has various soccer leagues like Simulation, Small Size, Middle Size, Four-Legged, and Humanoid. At the present robot, technology offers many services in the field of robotic vehicles, intelligent systems, soccer-playing robots, etc. This article discusses soccer robots and their work.

79. Obstacle Avoidance Robot

Obstacle Avoiding Robot is an intelligent device that can automatically sense the obstacle in front of it and avoid them by turning itself. The basic principle behind the working of ultrasonic sensors is to note down the time taken by the sensor to transmit ultrasonic beams and receive the ultrasonic beams after hitting the surface. Then further the distance is calculated using the formula. In this project, the widely available HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor is used. To use this sensor, a similar approach will be followed explained above.

80. Mini Conveyor

This is the best project that can easily be made. Mini Conveyor products offered are the Low Profile (LP) Series small conveyor and the Lite Series small conveyor.

The breadth of options and accessories allows for a custom small conveyor setup that fits your needs. The various options categories are drive packages, motor voltage options, belt options, drive mount positions, and conveyor options. The “accessory categories are guides & rails, part stops, couplers & drive shaft (LP Series), product indexing timer, product guide cushions, mounting brackets and conveyor stand

81. Link Conveyor

Precision-link conveyors index components with high accuracy, speed, and quality to give manufacturers a way to make assemble, mark, weld, and manufacturing operations more efficient. … Standard precision-link conveyors deliver standard link-positioning accuracy of ±0.08 mm (±0.003 in.) or better.

82. Solar Panel Cleaning System

The system consists of a water Solar Pump and a device. There is water spraying nozzles on the top of every panel that will spray high-pressure water on the panel in order to clean it. The device has a microcontroller unit that is programmed such that, the whole water pressure, created by Solar Pump, is applied to each and every water spraying section individually. So, high-pressure water is sprayed to every solar panel row one by one in order to clean every panel in the solar power plant. The device also consists of a timer which enables the system on/off automatically to this system.

83. Brain Controlled Robotic Arm

The robotic arm has an embedded controller that runs the PID algorithm for controlling the angle of the DC motor, and also controls the servo motors. In addition, for changing joint angles, it implements a communication interface to receive commands through the serial port.

The forward and inverse kinematics algorithms are implemented using Mathworks MATLAB programming language. They are run in a companion computer, which interfaces to the embedded controller by using the serial communications command interface. The MATLAB code also implements a Graphical User Interface (GUI), from which the user can control the robotic arm and run the forward and inverse kinematics algorithms. A 3D simulation/visualization of the robotic arm is displayed in the GUI in real-time.

84. Robocar with Wireless Steering

The wireless steering is built around the Arduino Uno board. Arduino Uno is programmed using Arduino IDE software. ATmega328 on Arduino Uno comes pre-burnt with a boot loader that allows you to upload new code to it without the use of an external hardware programmer. It communicates using the original STK500 protocol. You can also bypass the boot loader and program the microcontroller through ICSP (in-circuit serial programming) header, but using boot loader programming is quick and easy. Select Arduino Uno from the ‘Tools→Board menu (according to the microcontroller on your board) in Arduino IDE and burn the program through the standard USB port in the computer.

85. Line Follower Robot

The Line Follower Robot is a basic robot that follows a specific path indicated by a line (usually a black line on a light-colored surface) having some particular width. This circuit mainly consists of 8051 microcontrollers, two IR sensors, motors, and motor driver IC (embedded in a module). The line follower robot needs the mechanical arrangement of the chassis. I have used a 4WD Acrylic chassis. The two IR sensors are mounted on the front of the robot facing with the diodes facing towards Earth.

When the robot is placed on the fixed path, it follows the path by detecting the line. The robot’s direction of motion depends on the two sensors’ outputs. When the two sensors are on the line of the path, the robot moves forward. If the left sensor moves away from the line, the robot moves towards the right. Similarly, if the right sensor moves away from the path, the robot moves towards its left. Whenever a robot moves away from its path it is detected by the IR sensor.

86. Whisker for Robots

Whiskers for robots are simple switch-type sensors that work like an animal’s whiskers detecting nearby objects in the environment. When disturbed, the sensor sends a pulse to the robot to indicate that an obstacle is present. Sensitive but inexpensive general-purpose whiskers can be made using commonly available steel guitar strings. These strings are very flexible, conductive, and easy to use. The work is simple. Initially, when there is no interruption, the output of the comparator remains low. As and when any obstacle disturbs the guitar string of the whisker switch, pin 4 of IC1 goes low and output pin 2 of the first comparator of IC1 becomes high momentarily.

87. Line Following Robot

This circuit mainly consists of 8051 microcontrollers, two IR sensors, motors, and motor driver IC (embedded in a module). The line follower robot needs the mechanical arrangement of the chassis. The two IR sensors are mounted on the front of the robot facing with the diodes facing towards Earth. When the robot is placed on the fixed path, it follows the path by detecting the line. The robot’s direction of motion depends on the two sensors’ outputs. When the two sensors are on the line of the path, the robot moves forward. If the left sensor moves away from the line, the robot moves towards the right. Similarly, if the right sensor moves away from the path, the robot moves towards its left. Whenever a robot moves away from its path it is detected by the IR sensor.

88. RFID Warehouse Robot

This project is aimed to build an autonomous robot with an RFID application. The project integrates an RFID reader and PIC microcontroller as the main components. The movement control comprises servo-motor with infrared sensors for the line follower. The whole programming operation was carried out by assembly language using MPLab 7.3. The robot has the ability to identify the items by reading the tag on the items. The robot will pick up the item and navigate to the prescribed destination using a line follower module to store the item at the appropriate place and location. A small white platform with a black line is built for demonstration and testing.

89. Namaste Greeting Robot

The concept of controlling various servo motors through the Arduino Uno board is introduced here with a fun project called ‘Namaste Greeting robot.’ The robot turns its head by 180° and scans people in its range using an ultrasonic module. If it finds anyone nearby, it greets the person with ‘namaste’ with both hands pressing together, which is the traditional Indian way of wishing people. The robot can be used in offices, shopping centers, parks, and party halls where it can greet and attract people.

90. Automatic Steering Control Robot

Automatic steering systems are a standard function for robotic agricultural equipment. Ackerman steering is the most common type of steering mechanism on such equipment, making them perform as car-like vehicles. Because of their kinematic constraints, it is quite difficult to maneuver carlike vehicles effectively in orchards due to confined working space, constrained by physical boundaries such as tree rows and other obstacles. To remove such technical difficulties, more sophisticated steering mechanisms and steering control strategies are required for robotic agricultural equipment. In order to conveniently manage fruit bins in confined tree aisles constrained by high-density tree rows, a robotic bin management system, called bin-dog system, implementable in typical Washington State tree fruit orchards has been developed.

91. Cube Solving Robot

Cube images are captured by a python program module, then color extraction for each sticker is processed by other program modules and finally, the cube is solved by the Kociemba algorithm, the solution is sent to Arduino through a serial port. Once the solution is received the Arduino code starts to process the movements, after 6-8 minutes the process finish, es and the robot show all the faces of the cube solved.

92. Design of Amphibian Robot ‘

Amphibots are robots that have mobility in both land and water. These kinds of bots will be useful for surveillance and transportation purposes. In autonomous defense and surveillance applications, the robots have to move in various platforms and surfaces. In ocean sea-shores, the robots have to navigate in rock-solid terrains and in sandy beaches. The robot has to move in all directions.

93. BCI-Based Desired Bot

A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) acts as a communication mechanism using brain signals to control external devices. The generation of such signals is sometimes independent of the nervous system, such as in Passive BCI. This is majorly beneficial for those who have severe motor disabilities. Traditional BCI systems have been dependent only on brain signals recorded using Electroencephalography (EEG) and have used a rule-based translation algorithm to generate control commands. However, the recent use of multi-sensor data fusion and machine learning-based translation algorithms has improved the accuracy of such systems.

94. Rescue Bot

A wheel-legged rescue robot design with strong environmental adaptability is proposed. The design presented is aimed at helping rescue workers complete their missions, such as environmental and personnel search, quickly and accurately. So it has broad application prospects. In order to achieve the advantages of simple structure, easy control, small occupation space, and wide motion range, a wheel-legged rescue robot is designed in this paper, and the robot can realize three kinds of motion states, which include wheel state, rotation center lifting process, and leg state. Then the motion states are analyzed in detail, which provides a reference for motion control.

95. Library Book Management Robot

The Library Management Robot (LMR) will mitigate the problems by collecting the books

from the library counter and then arranging the books, one by one, into shelves. The LMR works on the general principle of RFID, Line following, and kinematics of the robotic arm. The LMR will initially scan the RFID tag of a book and then find its shelf according to the data previously fed into it. Then it will travel to the shelf according to the path following the lines made on the floor of the library. After reaching the shelf, LMR will pick the book and place it in the respective rack on the shelf. The same procedure will be repeated for every book.

96. Mobile Robot Navigation System with RFID and Ultrasonic Sensors

The robot system is composed of a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag sensor, a laser range scanner, and a mobile platform and Ultrasonic sensors. The RFID tags are used as landmarks for global path planning and the topological relation map which shows the connection of scattered tags through the environment is used as course instructions to a goal. The robot automatically moves along hallways using the scanned range data until a tag is found and then refers to the topological map for the next movement.

97. Four-Legged Walking Robot

A four-legged walking robot was designed as a research robot platform, to be used in the indoor environment, walking straight and curved paths and detecting and overcoming known obstacles. Straight paths are done with gait matrix strategy and curved paths are accomplished by the four legs which have differential strokes in inclined paths relative to the robot longitudinal axis. Obstacle overcoming is done using only information from contact sensors installed on the robot’s feet. Complex movements and tracking sequences are proposed to be built from a small group of simple movements sequenced according to the contact keys switching sequence.

98. Underwater Dockey

The underwater robotic system will be used to perform ultrasonic inspections of nuclear reactor vessel weldments. The development effort consists of problem definition, various levels of conceptual design, evolving a final concept, and detailed design. The final concept, now under construction, is a six-degree-of-freedom manipulator attached to a moveable base. Suction cups hold the manipulator base to the vessel wall while the arm generates precise scanning paths on the curved vessel surfaces. After completing a scanning area, a suction tool holds the manipulator end-effector to the vessel wall while the base is moved to a new scanning position. This concept minimizes the system complexity by using the same joints for global locomotion as are required for tool scanning.

99. Dancing Robot

The robot uses two small motors in order to move. Each motor spins around when it is turned on and has a popsicle stick attached to it as a “leg,” which pushes the robot around when it moves. In order to power the motors, the robot also needs a battery, which provides electricity to the motors. Electricity powers battery-operated devices that you use every day, like toys or television remotes, and also powers things that plug into wall outlets like lamps. When you connect the motors to the battery, you complete an electrical circuit, which allows electricity to flow and make the motors spin. Electricity cannot flow to the motor without a complete circuit.

100. Drawing Robot

Drawing robot Arduino Uno module is built on a parts kit that was used for the mechanical part of servo motor 3 except that the toy is being used. Generate image data of the robot for communication on Matlab Arduino IO you need to install the package. AxiDraw machines work with a variety of writing instruments, including permanent markers and fountain pens. The unique writing head extends beyond the base of the machine, making it possible to write or draw on almost any flat surface.

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